History of Seville

The history of Seville can be summarized in the following chronology of events.

9th to 8th centuries BC First settlers in the area
8th century BC, 3rd century BC Ispal (Pre-Roman era)
2nd century BC Hispalis is founded
206 Scipio the African, defeats the Carthaginians in Ilipa Magna (Alcalá del Río) and establishes Itálica
2nd to 5th century AD The city is called Iulia Romula Hispalis
287 Justa and Rufina died martyred for refusing to worship an idol.
426 Gunderico takes Hispalis
429 Vandals leave the Peninsula
441 Sack of the Swabians
From 549 to 712 Visigothic colonization
555 Birth of San Isidoro de Sevilla
600 San Leandro dies, his brother San Isidoro succeeds him as bishop of Seville
636 San Isidoro dies
7th centuries to the beginning of the 13th century AD Muslim invasion
712 Conquest of Hispalis by Musa b. Nusayr
829 The first major mosque in Isbiliya was built by Ibn Adabbas (later on the Iglesia de El Salvador was built on its remains)
844 Viking and Norman Sackings
1035 the city becomes an independent kingdom
1042-1068 Reign of Al-Mutamid
1068-1091 Reign of the poet king, son of Al-Mutamid
1091 Almoravid conquest
1147 Almohad Conquest
1172 Construction of the Great Mosque (it’s the Cathedral today)
1184 The construction of the Giralda begins
1198 The construction of the Giralda ends

History of Seville: 13th century

1221 Construction of the Torre del Oro
1248 Conquest of Seville by Fernando III (November 23rd)
1250 Organization of the parishes of the city
1252 Fernando III dies, and the reign of Alfonso X begins, who organizes the city
1260 The Convento de San Clemente is built
1276 Construction of the Real Parroquia de Santa Ana begins
1280 Completion of the construction of the Real Parroquia de Santa Ana

History of Seville: 14th century

1350 Access to the throne of Pedro I. Plague epidemic
1356 Great Earthquake in Seville that forces to rebuild several temples
1364 Plague epidemic
1374 Plague epidemic. Foundation of the Convento de Santa Inés
1391 Assault on the Jewish Quarter 1391
1399 The Convento de la Cartuja is founded in the old hermitage
1394 Earthquake

History of Seville: 15th century

1401 The Cabildo decides to build a Gothic cathedral
1475 The Convento de Santa Paula is founded
1477 Seville becomes the court of the Catholic Monarchs
1480 The Inquisition is established
1483 Expulsion of the Jews
1492 Stay in Seville of Christopher Columbus. Discovery of America

History of Seville: 16th century

1501 Christopher Columbus returns to Seville
1502 Expulsion of the Moors
1503 The Casa de la Contratación is founded
1507 Plague epidemic. The Cathedral is consecrated
1518 The construction of the Casa de Pilatos begins. The Marqués de Tarifa establishes the first station of the Via Crucis in its residence.
1520 The construction of the Casa de Pilatos ends
1526 Wedding in Seville between Carlos I of Spain and V of Germany and Isabel of Portugal
1527 The construction of the Town Hall begins
1543 The Consulado de Indias is founded
1544 Flood
1546 The construction of the Hospital de las Cinco Llagas begins
1559 Inauguration of the Hospital de las Cinco Llagas
1560 The construction of the Christian part of the Giralda begins
1568 The bell tower of the Giralda is completed
1570 When the King Felipe II enters the Goles Gate, the name is changed to Puerta Real
1578 The Brotherhood and the Hospital de la Santa Caridad are founded
1580 Plague epidemic
1583 The works of the Casa de la Lonja begin
1585 The Casa de la Moneda (Mint) is built
1599 The painter Velázquez is born on June 6th. Plague epidemic that lasts until 1601

History of Seville: 17th century

1604 The Cardinal Niño de Guevara forces the Brotherhoods to go to the Cathedral. Origin of the current Carrera Oficial (Official Race).
1610 Expulsion of the Moors
1618 The works of the Sagrario de la Catedral begin. The painter Murillo is born
1620 Juan de Mesa carves the Image of Jesus del Gran Poder
1622 The painter Juan Valdés Leal is born
1627 Miguel de Mañara is born
1642 Flood
1649 Plague epidemic that reduces the population of Seville by half, among the victims was the sculptor Martínez Montañés.
1664 Miguel de Mañara becomes the elder brother of the Brotherhood of Charity
1669 Miguel de Mañara dies
1670 The Cuerpo de la Real Maestranza de Caballería is created
1675 Foundation of the Hospital de los Venerables
1682 The Palacio de San Telmo is built

History of Seville: 18th century

1709 Plague epidemic
1728 The Royal Tobacco Factory (current University of Seville) construction begins
1729 to 1733 Felipe V settles in the city
1734 Completion of the façade of the Palacio de San Telmo
1755 Lisbon Earthquake that reaches the city. As a prayer because there were no human casualties, the monument to the Immaculate is erected in the Plaza del Triunfo.
1757 The works of the Royal Tobacco Factory end
1767 Expulsion of the Jesuits
1785 The Casa de la Lonja becomes the Archivo de Indias
1790 The Casa de la Moneda is concluded
1800 Yellow fever epidemic, one third of the population die

History of Seville: 19th century

1810 Occupation of the city by the French troops
1812 Departure of the French troops from the city
1817 The title of Very Heroic is granted to the city
1833 Creation of the province of Seville
1835 Confiscation of Mendizábal
1836 Poet Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer is born
1839 Foundation of the La Cartuja factory. The excavations in Itálica begin. The Convento de la Merced becomes the seat of the Museo de Bellas Artes
1844 The creation of the Feria de Sevilla is requested. The Palacio de San Telmo becomes the residence of the Infanta María Luisa
1845 Construction of the Triana Bridge
1847 The celebration of the annual Feria de Sevilla is authorized
1848 First Feria de Sevilla
1855 The railway station is established in the Plaza de Armas
1860 The Royal Gate is demolished
1864 The San Juan Gate is demolished
1868 The Puerta de Triana is demolished
1869 Demolition of the city walls
1881 The works of the Plaza de Toros de la Maestranza (bullring) finish
1886 Creation of the Museo Arqueológico
1888 Collapse of the dome and central pillar of the Cathedral
1899 The mortal remains of Columbus return to the city

History of Seville: 20th century

1902 The San Bernardo Railway Station is inaugurated and work begins on installing the Columbus tomb in the Cathedral, whose remains had been moved from America in 1899
1904 The Museo de Bellas Artes is inaugurated. The Cruzcampo is founded
1905 A fire takes place in the Iglesia del Salvador, which causes considerable damage. The lack of water, one of the major problems of the city, prevented the fire to be stopped in time. The football club Sevilla F.C. is founded
1907 The football club Sevilla Balompié is founded
1909 The football club Betis F.C. is founded
1911 Aníbal González wins the project contest for the Universal Exhibition of 1929 The Betis Balompié resulting from the merger of Sevilla Balompié and Betis Fútbol Club is created, granting King Alfonso XII the title of Real.
1927 Aníbal González raises the Capilla del Carmen (known as “the lighter”), next to the Puente de Triana, while the same author projects a Basilica for Jesús del Gran Poder
1929 After 20 years of work, the Kings and General Primo de Rivera inaugurated the Ibero-American Exhibition on May 9
1932 Incidents in Holy Week, where only the Brotherhood of La Estrella does its procession. Coup d’état promoted by General Sanjurjo
1934 The October Revolution erupted in Seville, declaring a state of war, although the revolutionary movement had little impact.
1936 On July 20, the regulars of Africa and the new Southern Commander, Queipo de Llano, who had declared a state of war, began to enter Seville. And while the legionaries settle in the Plaza de España, the losers of the war have destroyed, burned and desecrated San Gil, Santa Marina, San Marcos, San Julián, San Román, San Roque or the Mercedarias of San José
1939 End of the Spanish Civil War
1966 The Macarena Temple is declared Basilica
1969 Earthquake in Seville at dawn on February 28
1975 Francisco Franco dies
1976 Great political reform in Spain. Juan Carlos I, King of Spain, appoints president to Adolfo Suárez
1979 The first General and Municipal elections of the new Spanish Democracy take place
1980 The Autonomy of Andalucía is voted on and celebrated in a referendum on February 28th
1981 On February 23, a coup d’état attempt tempers the young Spanish Constitution. Seville becomes the capital of Andalucía
1982 First autonomous elections, forming the first government of the Junta de Andalucía
1983 Seville is named seat of the Expo 92
1987 The Giralda, the Cathedral, the Alcázar, the Archivo de Indias and its surroundings are declared UNESCO World Heritage monuments

History of Seville: 21st century

2006 Centennial of Sevilla F.C. who wins the UEFA Cup and the European Super Cup
2007 Centennial of Real Betis Balompié